Many people in Haridwar, India, come to avail alopecia areata treatment in India as they suffer from hair fall. As we are one of India's best hair transplant clinic, we have the best hair transplant doctor in India who has years of experience treating hair loss.
What is alopecia areata, and how does it affect you?
Alopecia areata is a disease in which hair falls out in tiny patches that can be difficult to notice. However, these patches can join each other and become visible.
When the immune system destroys your hair follicles, causing hair loss, the disease progresses. Hair loss and regrowth vary in intensity from person to person.
Alopecia areata has no solution at this time. There are, however, therapies that can help hair regrow faster and avoid further hair loss.
How will you identify that you are suffering alopecia areata?
Hair loss in patches is the most common symptom of alopecia areata. These patches are only a few centimetres or less in size.
Other areas of the face, such as the eyebrows, eyelashes, beard, and other parts of your body, can also experience hair loss.
Hair clumps on your pillow or in the bathroom can be the first sign. On the other hand, other health problems may cause hair to fall similarly. Alopecia areata is not diagnosed purely on the grounds of hair loss.
Few people may suffer more severe hair loss in extreme cases. It is usually a sign of a different form of alopecia; those are more severe.
Alopecia areata causes unpredictable hair loss. Hair will grow back and then fall out again at any moment. The amount of hair loss and regrowth varies a lot from one person to the next.
So, what are the reasons causing alopecia areata?
Alopecia areata is a form of autoimmune disease. As the immune system misidentifies healthy cells as foreign agents, an autoimmune disease occurs. Usually, the immune system protects you from viruses and bacteria.
However, if you have alopecia areata, the immune system destroys your hair follicles by accident. Hair loss occurs as the follicles shrink and avoid growing hair.
The precise cause of this disease is unknown till today.
However, it is more common in people with a family history of autoimmune diseases like type 1 diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis. This is why some researchers suggest your genetics may play a role in the development of alopecia areata.
Certain environmental conditions induce alopecia areata in people who are genetically predisposed to the disease.
So, what are the alopecia areata treatments available in India?
While there is no proven cure for alopecia areata, there are drugs that you can use to either slow down potential hair loss or speed up hair growth.
Medicines for use on the skin :
You can promote hair growth by applying topical medications to your scalp. A variety of over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription drugs are available:
Minoxidil (Rogaine) :
It is an over-the-counter product that you can add twice daily to the scalp, brows, and moustache. It is pretty healthy, but the results will take up to a year to appear. There is only evidence that it helps people with alopecia areata who have limited hair loss.
Anthralin (Dritho-Scalp) :
It is a topical medication that facilitates hair regrowth by itching the skin.
Clobetasol (Impoyz) :
It comes in the form of foams, lotions, and ointments. It can suppress inflammation in your hair follicles.
Topical immunotherapy :
It is a technique that involves applying a chemical to your skin, such as diphencyprone, to cause an allergic reaction. The rash, which looks like poison oak, may cause new hair growth in six months. So, you will need to keep the procedure going to keep the regrowth going.
The use of injections :
For moderate, patchy alopecia, steroid injections are a popular treatment choice to help hair regrow in bald spots. We inject the steroid through tiny needles into the affected areas of your skin.
Here you will need to repeat the treatment every one to two months to regrow hair.
Oral medication :
Cortisone pills are also used to treat extensive alopecia, but you can talk to your doctor about it because of the risk of side effects.
You should also try oral immunosuppressants such as methotrexate and cyclosporine. They function by opposing the immune system's response, but you should use them just for a limited period.
These medications have the risk of side effects, including high blood pressure, liver and kidney complications, and an elevated risk of severe infections and lymphoma.
If you want to know more about the disease and treatment options, contact our hair transplant clinic in Haridwar.